John Coltrane

John William Coltrane(1926 –1967)was an American jazz saxophonist and composer who helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and was later at the forefront of free jazz. He organized numerous recording sessions,and often appeared as a sideman,notably on albums with Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk.

Medic has obtained the Official Military Personnel Records of John Coltrane from the National Archives in Saint Louis. The records are categorized as follows: Service Documents; Service Record Book; Medical Service Records; Photograph; Reference Correspondence.

Inducted into the Navy in 1945,Coltrane was stationed at Oahu,Hawaii. Between regular military duties Coltrane,called “Trane” by his friends,performed on clarinet and alto sax in a dance band,The Melody Masters. Shortly before his discharge in 1946,Coltrane took part in his first recording session with a small group of Navy musicians,playing bebop on alto sax.

Upon discharge,Coltrane,funded by the GI Bill,studied music at the Granoff Studios. He went on to become one of the great legends in jazz.